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Fibroids : Causes, Symptoms, Therapies

Fibroids : Causes, Symptoms, Therapies

What Are Fibroids

  • Fibroids are abnormal clumps that develop in or over a woman’s uterus.
  • About 75 to 80 pct of women experience fibroids by the age of 55.

Fibroids are abnormal clumps that develop in or on a woman’s womb. Sometimes, these tumors become quite large and cause severe abs pain and heavy periods. Consist of cases, they cause no signs or symptoms at all. The growths are typically benign (noncancerous). The reason for fibroids is unknown.

Based on the National Institutes of Wellness (NIH), about 70 to 80 % of women make them by the age group of 50.

Types of Fibroids

Different fibroids develop in several locations in and on the womb.

Intramural Fibroids

Intramural fibroids are the most typical type of fibroid. These types look within the liner of the uterus (endometrium). Intramural fibroids may grow more substantial and actually stretch your womb.

Subserosal Fibroids

They may expand large enough to make your womb appear bigger on one side.

Submucosal Fibroids

These types of types of tumors develop in the inner coating (myometrium) of your womb

What Causes Fibroids

Bodily hormones

Female and progesterone are the hormones created by the ovaries.

Family History

Fibroids may run in the family. If your mom, sister, or grandmother has a history of the condition, you may develop it as well.


Motherhood increases the production of progesterone and estrogen in your body. Fibroids may develop and grow quickly if you are pregnant.

Who may be at Risk for Fibroids

Women are at greater risk for producing fibroids if they have a number of of the next risk factors:

  • pregnancy
  • a family history of fibroids
  • being over the time of 30
  • being of African-American descent
  • possessing a high body weight

Exactly what the Symptoms of Fibroids

Your symptoms will depend upon the positioning and size of the tumor(s) and how many tumors you have. If your tumor is very small, or if you are going through menopause, you might not exactly have any symptoms.

Symptoms of fibroids may include:

  • heavy blood loss between or in your intervals that includes blood clots
  • pain in the pelvis and/or lower back
  • increased menstrual cramping
  • increased peeing
  • pressure or bounties in your lower abdominal
  • swelling or enlargement of the abdomen

Just how Are Fibroids Diagnosed

You will have to see a gynecologist to get a pelvic exam. This exam is utilized to check the condition, size, and form of your uterus.


An ultrasound uses high frequency audio waves to produce images of your uterus on a screen. This permits your doctor to see it is internal structures and any fibroids present.

Pelvic MRI

This complex imaging testing produces pictures of your uterus, ovaries, and other pelvic internal organs.

How Are Fibroids Treated

You may acquire a combo of treatments.


Medications to manage your hormone levels may be recommended to shrink fibroids.

  • an intrauterine device (IUD) that lets out the hormone progestin
  • birth control pills


Surgery to remove very large or multiple growths (myomectomy) may be performed. An stomach myomectomy involves making a sizable incision in the abdominal to reach the uterus and eliminate the fibroids. The surgery can be performed laparoscopically, utilizing a few small incisions into which surgical tools and a camera are put.

Your personal doctor may perform a hysterectomy (removal of your uterus) if your condition worsens, or if no other treatments work.

Minimally Invasive Methods

A newer and completely noninvasive surgical procedure is forced ultrasound surgery (FUS). You will lie down inside a special MRI machine that allows doctors to visualize the inside of your uterus. High energy, high-frequency sound waves will be provided to the fibroids to destroy (ablate) them.

Endometrial mutilation involves inserting a special instrument into your womb to destroy the uterine lining using heat, electric energy, hot water, or microwaves.

What May Be Expected in the Long Term

Your diagnosis will count on the type and location of your fibroids. Fibroids might not need treatment if they are small or do not produce symptoms. For anyone who is pregnant and have fibroids, or become pregnant and have fibroids, your doctor will carefully keep an eye on your problem. Speak with a medical expert if you expect to become pregnant and have fibroids.

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